Ewaso Lions’ research activities focus on understanding the factors that influence human tolerance of large carnivores, and what large carnivores need in order to share the landscape with people. This helps us better manage for co-existence, identify areas critical to maintaining connectivity, and focus conservation activities in areas most likely to remain viable for large carnivores in the long-term. Reports, data, and recommendations are regularly supplied to partners and stakeholders in the region.
Ewaso Lions is the first project to conduct a formal research study on the lion population in Samburu, Kenya (beginning in 2003). Identifying all lion prides and individuals in the Laikipia-Samburu ecosystem is important to estimate population size and trends. We record social structure, behaviour, and associations of prides and individuals. Read more.
Conflict between people and carnivores usually occurs over livestock. We document all incidents of human-carnivore conflict to measure the impact of lions and other predators on local human communities. We conduct surveys to gauge the attitudes of people towards lions and their conservation. From here, we implement strategies for reducing conflict between lions and local people. Read more.
We use special research collars fitted with GPS to record lion movements across their wide ranges. Mapping the movements of lions across protected areas, community lands, and private ranches provides valuable information on dispersal areas and high conflict zones. Ewaso Lions was the first group to officially radio-collar a lion in Samburu. Read about the collaring of Lguret here.
Monitoring Wildlife and Enhancing Security with Lion Scouts
Lion Scouts conduct daily patrols to monitor lion movement, census wildlife populations, and keep local people informed with the aim of promoting human-lion co-existence. Scouts record wild prey and livestock locations during daily patrols, and this data helps Ewaso Lions track prey and livestock abundance and movement to measure the health of the ecosystem. Ewaso Lion Scouts also report incidences of human insecurity issues such as cattle raiding and other illegal activities such as poaching.